Extent of Tongan Eruption Revealed by New Seafloor Maps

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai 3D bathymetry map
NIWA/Nippon Foundation TESMaP

Scientists have now mapped the seafloor around the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha‘apai volcano, and as a result we have learned just how massive the January 2022 eruption was. By comparing their soundings with 2017 data, they determined that at least 9.5 km3 of material was discharged. Debris was found 80 km from the volcano, and the volcano’s caldera has been replaced by a cavern 850 m deep. More from the NIWA media release and from ABC (Australia).

Previously: Remotely Operated Vessel Maps Tonga Caldera.